Glossary

This glossary includes the definitions of terms used in the website to present the Bayeux Tapestry

 

  • Aesop: Ancient Greek story teller (7th - 6th Century BC)

 

  • Archer : a warrior fighting with a bow and arrows.

 

  • Beach (verb) : run or haul up a boat on a beach

 

  • Bit : a mouthpiece, typically made of metal, which is attached to a bridle to control a horse

 

  • Browband :  part of the bridle which runs across the horse's forehead
     
  • Breeches : a garment covering the loins and thighs worn in the countryside in the Middle Ages

 

  • Cantle : the upward curving part of horse's saddle

 

  • Centaur : a mythological creature, half man, half horse

 

  • Chaplain : a priest responsible for religious ceremonies in a private chapel.

 

  • Cleric : a clergyman

 

  • Clinker-built boat : a boat built with thick wooden planks which overlap downwards

 

  • Coat of mail : a long rigid shirt made of metal, worn by knights for fighting during the Middle Ages

 

  • Crownpiece : part of the bridle, a strap attached to the horse's head, just behind its ears

 

  • Destrier : in the Middle Ages, a war horse (as opposed to a palfrey, a parade horse)

 

  • Doloire : an axe used in the Middle Ages

 

  • Drekar : a boat with square sails and oars, with a prow often adorned by a dragon head, used by the Vikings in the Middle Ages
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  • Dyer’s rocket: yellow dye obtained from the roots of Reseda luteola

 

  • Emissary  : person entrusted with a secret mission

 

  • Epic (adj .) : relating to the epic

 

  • Griffin (n. m.) : a mythical animal with the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion, with claws

 

  • Harrow : in agriculture, an implement with teeth which is dragged over ploughed soil to break up clods and cover seeds
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  • Hauberk : long chainmail worn by the Knight during battle in the Middle Ages

 

  • Housecarl : Anglo-Saxon combatant

 

  • Iconographical (adj): relating to iconography, to pictures

 

  • Indigo dye : violet blue dye

 

  • Latinist : person who know and studie Latin and Latin literature 

 

  • Madder : red dye obtained from the root of Rubia Tinctorum

 

  • Noseband : part of horse's bridle, used to keep the animal's mouth closed

 

  • Oath : a solemn promise, taken over a sacred object

 

  • Oblong (adj.) : which is longer than wide

 

  • Packhorse : a strong horse used to carry loads with a device fastened on its back
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  • Palfrey : in the Middle Ages, a parade horse (as opposed to a destrier, a war horse)

 

  • Phaedrus: Latin fabulist (Macedonia circa 10 BC - 54 AD) very popular during the Middle Ages, he wrote 123 fables imitating the fables attributed to Aesop

 

  • Relic : a part of a deceased holy person's body

 

  • Rivet : a short metal pin for holding metal pieces together

 

  • Sowing : action of scattering seeds on soil

 

  • Uncial (adj.) : relating to Roman writing, composed of rounded capital letters

 

  • Viking (adj.) : relating to Scandinavian seafarers who set off on numerous expeditions aboard their longships in the 8th - 11th centuries