Deportation 

Deportation refers to the transfer and internment of prisoners in concentration or extermination camps.

As soon as Hitler came into power, opponents to the Nazi were deported to prevent them from hampering the regime. The prisoners were locked up in concentration camps, where living conditions were extremely difficult.

The Germans organised, in every country they occupied, the deportation of men, women and children to concentration and extermination camps.

The Final Solution

During the Second World War, a process was implemented so that some of the deported - particularly the Jews - were killed immediately after their arrival in the camps.

In January 1942, the Nazis implemented the "Final Solution".  Upon their arrival at the camp, the younger and healthier men and women were picked out to work until exhaustion. The weaker, the elderly, the children and the ill were sent to the gas chambers. Their bodies were then burned in a crematorium.

The landing of the Allies in Normandy did not put an end to deportation. Deportation convoys were organised in France during the summer of 1944 and even until the end of 1944; the deported were sent to the Eastern of France.

 

With the contribution of  Rémy Desquesnes
Historian