The end of the war in Europe: 8th May 1945 

The Second World War ended in Europe on 8th May 1945, the day after the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.

With the opening of the European Western Front, the D-Day Landings of 6th June 1944 and the Battle of Normandy, the German army was in difficulty. Despite a desperate resistance, the Allied pincer closed on Germany.

On 25th April 1945, Soviet and Anglo-American troops met on the Elbe. The 30th April 1945, Hitler committed suicide in Berlin. The end of the war in Europe was at hand.

Admiral Dönitz, whom Hitler, in his will, had named as President of the Reich asked the Allies for a cease-fire. He sent General Alfred Jodl, Chief-of-Staff of the Wehrmacht to the Allied headquarters of General Eisenhower in Reims.

The German unconditional surrender was signed on the night of 6th to 7th May 1945.On the express demand of Staline, a new signing was held on 8th May 1945, in the eastern suburbs of Berlin (Soviet controlled zone). The cessation of hostilities was fixed on 8th May 1945 at 11.01pm.

Despite the capitulation of Nazi Germany, the Second World War was not yet over, as Japan continued to fight.

 

With the contribution of Rémy Desquesnes
Historian