The 19th Century - the Caillebotte room
The opening of the museum in the former palace in 1900 was a milestone in the history of the building. One of the rooms created to house the painting collections now reveals different artistic currents in France in the second half of the 19th Century.
The emergence of a national spirit is conveyed by history painting, influenced by the Romantic movement; this appeared in response to a quest for new horizons, magnified by Orientalism. Here social realism - marked by industrial development - meets with the modern outlook of impressionists (Boudin, Caillebotte, Cross) on their environment. The "rejected" artists hence found their place in the "Salon".