If war is a military concern, civilians are often the first victims. A civilian is a person who is not a member of an army.

During the German Occupation of France civilians faced general shortages: food, clothing, fuel....The German requisitions were the principal cause. In Normandy, many farms provided food to the occupying troops who were mostly stationed on the coast. 


In order to best address this penury, the government introduced rationing coupons, which permitted the procurement of basic food products (bread, meat, fish, sugar, butter, eggs...) and other products (soap, cloth...) 

To determine their rights, the French people were classed by categories according to their energy needs, age, sex, and professional activity. Life was more difficult in town than in the country.

Petrol was especially rationed. Only Doctors, veterinary surgeons and some notables like Mayors had access. In this way, the movements of the population were easier to control by the Germans.

A black-market was created and the available products were negotiated at high prices.


With the contribution of  Rémy Desquesnes                                                                                   Historian