The "National Revolution"

The "National Revolution" was the official ideology of the Vichy regime. 

Petain wanted to reform France by glorifying other values than those of the Republic. The republican motto of "Freedom, Equality, Brotherhood" was replaced with "Work, Family, Nation". 

 

Work

Professions were organised under the Charter of Work of 4th October 1941, which established guilds according to their activity. This was supposed to encourage good relations between employer and employee but especially to avoid the class struggle. All unions were disbanded and strikes were forbidden.

Family

The French State honoured large families and the housewife. The first "mother’s day" was held in 1941. On the grounds of protecting the family, divorce was made almost impossible and abortion was severely condemned.

The Nation

The National ideal and the grandeur of colonial France were pushed to the fore, principally in youth education and exhibitions. The cult of the chief was installed, based on the popularity of Marshal Petain, who was known as the conqueror of Verdun and also for the quotation taken from his speech of 17th June 1940- "I give to France the gift of my person to lessen her misfortune"

All children had to know the words of the song Maréchal nous voilà. 

The LFC

The ideas of the National Revolution were disseminated by an organisation created by the Vichy regime and called the Légion Francaise des Combattants (French Combatants Legion) (LFC). Created in August 1940, this regrouped all veterans of the two wars.

 

 

With the contribution of  Rémy Desquesnes
Historian